Mig, Tig or Stick – The Pros and Cons of Each Method for Repair Welding

Welding is one of the most common repair processes found in any manufacturing facility. When a metal piece of machinery breaks, welding can be a cheap, fast solution to getting things running again. But as common as it is, there are many methods to welding and each has their own pros and cons. Those that know how to weld are taught one method and generally stick tothat for most of their repairs because it is what they are comfortable with. Here we will go over three methods for welding and the benefits and drawbacks to each.

Mig Welding

Mig welding involves a welder that feeds a wire of material through an electrode which arcs when contacting the metal being welded. As contact is made the electrode and metal heats up joining the two materials together. During this process a shielding gas is also supplied to the weld to prevent gases in the surrounding atmosphere from interfering with the weld. Migwelding is perhaps the most common style used today.


Very easy to use. Good for beginners.
Very little welding fumes. Good in small spaces.


Somewhat expensive. Uses a consumable gas which must be regularly refilled.
Can only work in one position (downward). Not good for overhead repairs.
Not the cleanest weld. Can spatter.

Tig Welding

Tig Welding or Tungstun Arc Welding, is a type of welding that uses a rod of tungsten as an electrode that heats up the base material creating a puddle of molten metal used to join pieces together. It is known for being a very clean and very strong welding method.


Can work to weld a wider array of alloys than other welding methods such as Aluminum or Stainless Steel
Is very clean and aesthetically pleasing
Can weld very thin material


Like Mig, Tig Welding involves an external supply of gas, which can be expensive.
The piece being welded must be absolutely clean and free from debris in order to form a good weld.
This method is slow and takes a high amount of skill on the part of the welder.

Stick Welding

In this method of welding a flux coated welding rod or “stick” is used as an electrode to carry current and produce an arc once the tip touches the base metal. This material melts with the electrode to create the weld.


Is great for creating thick, strong welds
Can be used in dirty, damp conditions
Requires no external gas to weld


Extra material is generated during this welding process that must be chipped or scraped away which can be time consuming
Hard to master
Welds can be very unattractive if done by a novice welder


There you have it, some basic tips on three common welding repair methods. But if you need help with any repair situation be sure to visit us online at gesrepair.com or call us at 1-877-249-1701 to learn more about our services. We’re proud to offer Surplus, Complete Repair and Maintenance on all types of Industrial Electronics, Servo Motors, AC and DC Motors, Hydraulics and Pneumatics. Please subscribe to our YouTube page and Like Us on Facebook! Thank you!

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